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Friday, June 21, 2013

some basic sql's for beginners in Oracle database



Oracle Database Commands and Queries:

1.To view all the table from dictionary :
SQL> select table_name from dictionary;

2.To identify the database name :
SQL> select name from v$database;

3.To identify the instance name :
SQL> select instance from v$thread;

4.To know the size of the database blocks
SQL> select value from v$parameter where name =’db_block_size’;

5.List the name of the data files :
SQL> select name from v$datafile;

6.Identify the datafile that makes up the system tablespace :
SQL> select file_name from dba_data_files where tablespace_name = ‘SYSTEM’;

7.To check how much free space is available in database and how much is used:
SQL>select sum(bytes)/1024 “free space in KB” from dba_free_space;
SQL>select sum(bytes)/1024 “used space in KB” from dba_segments”;

8.List the name and creation date of database users :
SQL>select username, created from dba_users;

9.Where is the existing Control file located and what is the name?
SQL> select * from v$controlfile;
(or)
SQL> show parameter control;
(or)
SQL> select name from v$controlfile;

10.What is the initial sizing of the datafile section in your control file?
SQL>select records_total from v$controlfile_record_sectionwhere type = “DATAFILE”;

11.List the number and location of existing log files?
SQL> select member from v$logfile;

12.Display the number of redo log file groups and members your database has ?
SQL>select group#, members, status from v$log;

13.In which database mode is your database configured?
SQL> select log_mode from v$database;

14.Is archiving enabled?
SQL>select archiver from v$instance;

15.To view all the tablespaces name?
SQL>select tablespace_name from dba_tablespaces;

16.Identify the different types of segments in the database.
SQL>select DISTINCT segment_type from dba_segments;

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